A bunion is a bone deformity that occurs when the big toe (hallux) and first metatarsal bone which is the long bone behind the big toe becomes displaced. This exposes the head of the first metatarsal bone medially causing a bony prominence.

The movement of the big toe toward the other toes is known as Hallux Valgus. In some cases, the big toe moves toward the second toe and rotates or twists, which is known as Hallux Abducto Valgus. Bunions can also lead to other toe deformities, such as hammertoes. It is estimated that bunions occur in 33 percent of the population in Western countries.

Causes

  • Wearing shoes that are too tight
  • Flat feet
  • Genetics
  • Neuromuscular problems
  • Females are more prone to this condition

Signs & Symptoms

  • Pain with walking
  • Irritation from bone rubbing on shoe gear
  • Swelling or inflammation
  • A bulging bump on the outside of big toe
  • Restricted movement of your big toe if arthritis

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